Vicodin Addiction and Abuse
Vicodin is the trade name of Hydrocodone/Paracetamol. Hydrocodone is an opioid analgesic and paracetamol is an aniline analgesic. This means that hydrocodone is an opiate, or narcotic, combined with paracetamol, or acetaminophen, which increases the effect of the hydrocodone. Vicodin addiction and abuse is common among users of Vicodin, as opiates themselves are addictive in nature.
Vicodin is used medicinally to treat moderate to severe pain, and is available in pills, syrups, capsules, and solutions which are ingested. Vicodin is legal only with a prescription written by a licensed medical professional. Further, acetaminophen has been linked with liver damage. Acetaminophen is the key ingredient in Tylenol, a mild pain and fever reliever.
Common Street Names for Vicodin
Vicodin is a commonly abused analogue of morphine. Illegal purchasing of Vicodin occurs in illicit environments such as black markets in both small and large quantities, as well as interpersonal transactions, such as between friends and family members. Listed are some common street names with which sufferers of Vicodin addiction may be acquainted.
Street names are used for drugs in order to avoid authorities from understanding a conversation about Vicodin.
Vicodin is classified as a Schedule II substance. This means that Vicodin can be purchased legally through the prescription of a licensed physician. Once that prescription is out, it becomes illegal for any purchase of the drug. Vicodin is classified as Schedule II on account of its being addictive with high potential for abuse.
Vicodin addiction stems from the drug’s opiate content. A user of opiates builds a tolerance to opiates of all varieties, thus requiring the increase in the amount in dosage in order to reach a desired ‘high’, which can lead to dangerous results. This is the basis for the Federal Government’s classification of Vicodin as a Schedule II narcotic.
History and Trends in Vicodin Addiction and Abuse
1983 saw the discovery of acetaminophen, which was the distilled product of coal and tar. Then, in 1920, a German pharmaceutical company named Knoll was the first to synthesize hydrocodone from the poppy. This company noticed the similarities between hydrocodone and codeine, and only twenty years after the introduction of Tylenol (acetaminophen) to the U.S., Knoll released Vicodin. Vicodin consisted of five milligrams of Hydrocodone and five-hundred milligrams of acetaminophen. Vicodin addiction among teenagers bears testimony of Vicodin addiction signs that include the crushing and snorting of Vicodin.
Side Effects of Vicodin
There are common side effects of Vicodin and uncommon side effects of Vicodin. These assume proper and licit use of the drug. Listed here are common side effects:
- Swallowing Breathing
- Stomach ache
Uncommon side effects include:
- Dark Urine
- Black, tarry stools
- Nose Bleeds
- Tongue Ulcers
- Yellow Eyes and Skin
Signs of Vicodin Addiction and Abuse
Vicodin addiction signs can include the side effects listed prior. But typically, if you or someone you know exhibits a change in personality, morality, or their kept social circle and setting, then it is fairly easy to diagnose the cause. Symptoms of abuse include a prolonged need for isolation, a need for Vicodin without prescription (this includes the foraging of Vicodin from illicit sources), and a lack of hunger and also a lack of physical activity.
Withdrawal Symptoms of Vicodin
Vicodin addiction withdrawal is not reserved for long time abusers of Vicodin. A short time user of Vicodin (an individual to whom Vicodin was prescribed in a short stay in a hospital, for example) may still have some cravings for Vicodin and other opiates. This is because the medication and opiates in general are highly addictive.
For those individuals who experiences ‘delirium tremens’ like symptoms – hallucinations, seizures, and profuse sweating – are those individuals who indeed abused the drug for recreational purposes. It is altogether rare for someone who used Vicodin and other opiates under medical supervision to experience the harshest symptoms of Vicodin addiction withdrawal:
- An intense hunger for sugary and starchy foods
Treatment for Vicodin Addiction and Abuse
Treatment for Vicodin Addiction withdrawal consists mostly of cognitive therapy programs. If symptoms are continuing, methadone, a mild opiate, may be used to combat those symptoms, in order that the patient may continue and succeed with his or her Vicodin addiction treatment. A twelve step program is also a valuable asset when treating any addiction, as the reinforcing social setting steers the patient toward lasting sobriety.
If you or someone you know is experiencing these symptoms, it is best that they receive medical treatment immediately. Call White Sands Tampa now at 1-877-640-7820.