Triazolam Addiction and Abuse
The benzodiazepine known generically as triazolam and by brand name as Halcion is a short acting central nervous system depressant primarily used for insomnia—more specifically acute insomnia. The drug family of benzodiazepines was developed to replace the more highly-addictive barbiturate family. Benzodiazepine depressants are generally used for sedation and seizure prevention, and to treat anxiety, muscle spasms and insomnia. Like other depressants, there is a risk of triazolam addiction and abuse, prescribed dosing should be followed closely.
Common Street Names
There are many street names that may refer to the depressant category as a whole. Triazolam and benzodiazepines in general may be called benzos, downers, BZDs, sleepers, tranx, goofballs or stupefy.
Along with other benzodiazepines, triazolam is legally available via prescription only and is a Schedule IV drug according to the Drug Enforcement Administration. This means it has a lower risk of abuse and dependence than the drugs in Schedule I – III and it does hold an accepted medical use.
History and Trends in Triazolam Addiction and Abuse
As a central nervous system (CNS) depressant, benzodiazepines are similar in effect to barbiturates, alcohol, GHB and sleeping pills. Barbiturates were used for decades to treat the same issues that benzodiazepines are often used for today but barbiturates’ high risk for dependence and addiction led the medical community to search for safer alternatives in the 1970s and 1980s.
Benzodiazepines were that safer solution as they have a lower risk of addiction and dependence. Benzodiazepines are swallowed or injected and come in pill, capsule or liquid form. Triazolam is given as a tablet.
Triazolam is a short-term treatment method for insomnia or other sleep disorders. It is used for acute conditions as opposed to chronic in order to minimize exposure due to the risk of developing dependence, tolerance or addiction. The first approval of the drug under brand name Halcion occurred in 1982.
Approval for the generic version triazolam followed several years later in 1994. Both the brand name and the generic are sold in doses of 0.125mg and 0.25 mg. Triazolam has a short period of effectiveness. The liver metabolizes the drug in approximately an hour and a half meaning there is minimal to no drowsiness following a night of sleep induced by the drug.
Triazolam abuse and misuse takes place when individuals use the drug at higher doses than prescribed or when used outside of a prescription for the purpose of experiencing a high. Adolescents and young people are often associated with benzodiazepine or triazolam abuse.
Heroin and cocaine abusers also have a high occurrence of benzodiazepine abuse. Individuals dealing with triazolam addiction may seek to maintain their habit by acquiring fake prescriptions, receiving prescriptions from multiple doctors or buying tablets from the illicit market. In addition to use for a personal high, some sleep medications may be used with the intent to harm others as a date rape drug.
Side Effects of Triazolam
The effects of depressants that are intended to slow the central nervous system include low blood pressure, slurred speech, dizziness, loss of motor coordination, headache, lightheadedness, blurred vision, weakness, nausea, vomiting and slowed breathing. Insomnia can occur as a result of overuse of triazolam.
The overdose effects of benzodiazepines can include shallow respiration, clammy skin, dilated pupils, weak and rapid pulse, coma and possible death. While fatality resulting from barbiturate overdose has a high possibility of taking place, fatality resulting from benzodiazepine overdose is rare. The chance of death from benzodiazepine overdose increases with the addition of alcohol or other drugs. Heart rate and breathing can slow to the point of death when alcohol and depressants are combined in high doses.
Signs of Triazolam Addiction and Abuse
Often, triazolam is used as a secondary drug of abuse in conjunction with a primary such as alcohol or another drug of choice. The following signs of triazolam abuse might be noted by those around the intoxicated individual: slurred speech, labored breathing, motor control issues, disorientation, incoherence and drowsiness.
Withdrawal Symptoms of Triazolam
Triazolam withdrawal treatment should be sought from well-trained medical professionals since withdrawal symptoms from CNS depressants can be life threatening. Common benzodiazepine withdrawal symptoms include sweating, nausea, insomnia, fever and muscle spasms.
Treatment for Triazolam Addiction and Abuse
Currently, no FDA-approved medications exist for treating triazolam addiction. Individuals with addiction or physical dependence should find help from physicians and medical personnel who can work with them to lower the dose appropriately over time and assist with triazolam withdrawal treatment.
Our professional drug addiction specialists at White Sands Tampa will help the individual with the underlying psychological causes leading to the abuse or dependence, as well as treating your withdrawal symptoms. Call White Sands Tampa now at 1-877-640-7820.