Sublimaze Addiction and Abuse
Sublimaze is the trade name for the drug Fentanyl when it was introduced in the 1960’s. It is an opioid analgesic and anesthetic primarily used for treating pain related to surgery. The potency of Sublimaze is about 100 times more than morphine. Sublimaze is typically provided in an injection form, but Fentanyl is also distributed in tablets, lozenges and transdermal patches. The Sublimaze injection provides short-term, fast-acting pain relief. Sublimaze can also be used for cancer therapy and to treat breakthrough pain for patients with a tolerance to opioids. Illicit use of Sublimaze has also been increasing, and is often used along with heroin and cocaine. Sublimaze, like other opioid drugs, may be addictive due to its euphoric and pain-relieving effects. Sublimaze addiction and abuse can become dangerous leading to tolerance or overdose.
Common street names for Sublimaze:
Street names for Sublimaze include:
- Dance Fever
- China White
- Great Bear
- Murder 8
- China Town
- Tango and Cash
According to the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), under the Controlled Substances Act, Sublimaze, the trade name for Fentanyl, has been classified as a Schedule II substance.
Schedule II drugs are defined as “drugs with a high potential for abuse which may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence”. Other common schedule II narcotics are methadone (Dolophine), meperidine (Demerol), and oxycodone (OxyContin).
History and Trends in Sublimaze Addiction and Abuse
Sublimaze is the trade name for Fentanyl when it was first synthesized by Dr. Paul Janssen and put into medial practice in the 1960’s. Initially, as Sublimaze, the drug Fentanyl was introduced as a intravenous anesthetic. Soon after, other analogues of Fentanyl were created including alfentanil and sufentanil. Fentanyl became widely used in medicine as an anesthetic and analgesic especially for surgery and chronic pain management. Other forms of Fentanyl, besides injection, were created including a transdermal patch and solid form on a stick for absorption in the mouth.
Illicit use of Sublimaze began in the mid-1970’s and continues to be an issue in the United States. Sublimaze can be obtained for illicit distribution through theft and fraudulent prescriptions. The drug is also manufactured in clandestine laboratories in powder and tablet form. Sublimaze may be desired for illicit use because of its high potency and similar effects to heroin.
Side effects of Sublimaze
Although these are considered common Sublimaze side effects, if these effects occur they may need medical attention:
- chest pain or discomfort
- difficult breathing
- unusual tiredness
- irregular breathing (fast or slow)
- shortness of breath
- irregular heart beat
- muscle stiffness
- pale or blue lips, skin or nails
Other Sublimaze side effects that are less common include:
- difficulty swallowing
- blurred vision
- inability to move eyes or sit still
- eye spasms
- facial swelling
- seeing or hearing things not there
- skin rash or hives
Some Sublimaze side effects may not be listed. If any side effects continue or are bothersome, seek medical attention.
Signs of Sublimaze Addiction and Abuse
Sublimaze is typically obtained illicitly by those who are opioid or heroin addicts. Sublimaze addiction and abuse can be identified by spotting severe side effects including:
- severe confusion
- severe dizziness or drowsiness
- mood changes (e.g. anxiety)
- memory problems
- respiratory depression and arrest
Tolerance to Sublimaze develops differently for each individual. Some may develop high tolerance levels more quickly than others. Sublimaze addiction or abuse may lead to tolerance and higher risk of overdose.
Behavioral identifiers of Sublimaze (Fentanyl) abuse may be:
- Being secretive about drug activities
- Seeking out other ways to obtain the drug, e.g. purchasing illegally
- Taking higher doses than what is recommended
- Running out of prescription before time to renew
Withdrawal symptoms of Sublimaze
When someone is physically dependent or addicted to Sublimaze and abruptly stops or reduces drug usage, withdrawal symptoms may occur. When recovering from Sublimaze addiction, symptoms of withdrawal may include:
- body aches
- abdominal cramps
- nausea and vomiting
- rapid heart rate
Treatment for Sublimaze Addiction and Abuse
Overcoming and recovering from Sublimaze addiction and abuse requires a cohesive rehabilitation program that may include both holistic and traditional treatments.
Due to the potency and long term effects of Sublimaze, the patient’s withdrawal symptoms may be unstable, painful and even life-threatening. Therefore, a gradual drug elimination process is recommended.
Programs that include a medical detoxification, medical supervision, pain management, relapse prevention and physical and psychological evaluation are often recommended for those recovering from Sublimaze addiction. Counseling and therapy are also recommended to manage mental and emotional effects that long-term Sublimaze abuse may have had on the patient.
Our Drug Rehab Treatment Centers provide different treatment programs and options that work best for the individual after an evaluation. If you or a loved one is addicted to Sublimaze, we can help. Call White Sands Tampa at 1-877-640-7820.