Hydromorphone Addiction and Abuse
Hydromorphone is a part of the group of drugs called opioids, and can sometimes be referred to as a narcotic. Its analgesic potency is two to eight times that of morphine meaning that is a drug that is used to alleviate pain without using anesthesia. Hydromorphone can be used to treat moderate to severe pain. Its effect on the body has a shorter extent of action than morphine and a superlative sedative quality. It is a drug that comes in various forms such as; rectal suppositories, tablets, oral solutions and injectable formulations. Hydromorphone addiction and abuse may lead to extreme psychological or physical dependence.
Common Street Names for Hydromorphone
According to the Drug Enforcement Administration, Hydromorphone is legally manufactured in the United States. However, Hydromorphone can be obtained from forged prescriptions, “doctor-shopping,” theft from pharmacies, and from friends and acquaintances. The following are some common street names for Hydromorphone according to the DEA.
Hydromorphone is part of the drug group of opioids which is also sometimes referred to as a narcotic. According to the Drug Enforcement Administration, Hydromorphone is a Schedule II drug under the controlled Substances Act with an accepted medical use as a pain reliever.
History and Trends in Hydromorphone Addiction and Abuse
At least 70% of Americans in 2010 were taking one prescription drug and more than 50% were taking two prescriptions states the DEA. The DEA also states that in 2010, approximately 38,329 unintentional drug deaths occurred in the United States equaling one death every 14 minutes. From the 38,329 deaths originally stated, 22,134 of these deaths were attributed to prescription drugs and 16, 651 of the 22,134 were attributed to opioid overdoses with drugs such a Hydromorphone. This brings us to the statement that prescription drug abuse is the fastest growing drug problem in the United States.
Side Effects of Hydromorphone
Hydromorphone side effects on the body may cause constipation, pupillary constriction, urinary retention, nausea, vomiting, respiratory depression, dizziness, impaired coordination, loss of appetite, rash, slow or rapid heartbeat, and changes in blood pressure. Other Hydromorphone side effects may include: stomach pain, sweating, mild itching, dry mouth, flushing, muscle pain and possibly difficulty moving.
Signs of Hydromorphone Addiction and Abuse
When Hydromorphone is abused, it is taken in order to reach a euphoric state with feelings of relaxation, sedation and lessened anxiety. It is also possible that Hydromorphone abuse causes mental clouding, changes in mood, nervousness, and restlessness according to the DEA. The Drug Enforcement Administration also states that patients suffering from Hydromorphone addiction may take the hydromorphone tablets through ingestion, injectable solutions, as well as tablets that have been crushed and dissolved in a solution that could be injected such as heroin. Hydromorphone abuse signs may include the patient having dilated pupils, sleepiness and dopiness as it is common for the Hydromorphone addict to fall asleep after taking the drug. Other Hydromorphone abuse signs are slowed breathing, insomnia, nausea, constipation, vomiting, and possibly abdominal pain. It is important to note that Hydromorphone addiction symptoms may be more severe in some people than others depending on factors such as the length of the addiction.
Hydromorphone Addiction and Abuse Symptoms:
- The need for higher doses of the drug to achieve the same effects
- Mood swings
- Financial difficulties
- Lying to loved ones about use of the drug
- Doctor shopping
- Exaggerated complaints of pain and trips to doctor
- Hiding the drug
- Changes in relationships of friends, family
Withdrawal Symptoms of Hydromorphone
When a person with Hydromorphone addiction stops taking the drug, the body needs time to recover after. This recovery time causes withdrawal symptoms and with drugs such as Hydromorphone, they can occur any time long- term use is stopped to ween down. They usually begin within 12 hours after last use. There are both early symptoms of withdrawal along with late symptoms of withdrawal.
Early symptoms of Hydromorphone withdrawal are:
- Muscle aches
- Increased tearing
- Runny nose
Late symptoms of Hydromorphone withdrawal are:
- Abdominal cramping
- Dilated pupils
- Goose bumps
According to the U.S National Library of Medicine, withdrawal complications can include aspiration which can cause a lung infection along with possible dehydration.
Treatment for Hydromorphone Addiction and Abuse
Withdrawal from opiate drugs is painful and dangerous on your own that is why seeking out Hydromorphone addiction treatment can be enormously beneficial.
White Sands Tampa’s treatment programs include four elements which are; detoxification, rehabilitative counseling, continuing care and medication-assisted therapy. In treatment, it is important that the patient experiences minimal discomfort which can be treated through medically managed withdrawal while being treated with dignity and respect.
Although painful, Hydromorphone addiction treatment can get patients back on their feet and back to living a healthy lifestyle. If you or someone you know is experiencing Hydromorphone addiction please call White Sands Tampa at 1-877-640-7820 now.